Parsi community death | काही पारशी कुटुंबीयांनी हिंदूंप्रमाणे मृतदेहांवर दाहसंस्कार करायला सुरुवात केली आहे. मृतदेह ‘टॉवर ऑफ सायलेन्स’मध्ये नेण्याऐवजी विद्युतदाहिनीत अंत्यसंस्कार केले जातात. पारशी समुदायाच्या मान्यतेनुसार, मृतदेह हा टॉवर ऑफ सायलेन्समध्ये ठेवला जातो. याठिकाणी गिधाडे हा मृतदेह खातात. अलीकडच्या काळात गिधाडांची संख्या कमी झाली असली तरी पारशी समाजात आजही अंत्यसंस्काराची ही परंपरा टिकून आहे.
- मुंबईत मलबार हिलच्या परिसरात ‘टॉवर ऑफ सायलेन्स’ आहे
- सायरस मिस्त्री यांच्यावर हिंदू पद्धतीने अंत्यसंस्कार
- विद्युतदाहिनीत त्यांच्यावर दाहसंस्कार झाले
याचे मुख्य कारण म्हणजे कोरोना साथीच्या काळात जगभरात अंत्यसंस्कारांच्या पद्धती आणि रीतिरिवाजांमध्ये अनेक बदल झाले. पारशी समूदायही या बदलांना अपवाद ठरला नव्हता. कोरोनाच्या काळात विषाणूची लागण होऊन मृत्यू झालेल्या व्यक्तींचे मृतदेह जाळणे अनिवार्य करण्यात आले होते. केंद्र सरकारने एक आदेश जारी करून पारशी समाजाच्या अंत्यसंस्काराच्या रीतिरिवाजांनुसार बंदी आणली होती. तेव्हापासूनच पारशी समूदायाने अंत्यसंस्काराच्या पर्यायी पद्धती शोधायला सुरुवात केली होती. याशिवाय, टॉवर ऑफ सायलेन्समध्ये ज्या पद्धतीने अंत्यसंस्कार येतात, त्यामध्ये नाईलाजाने बदल करावे लागत आहेत. पारशी समुदायाच्या परंपरेनुसार मृतदेह हा स्मशानभूमीत न नेता ‘टॉवर ऑफ सायलेन्स’ येथे ठेवला जातो. याठिकाणी गिधाडे हा मृतदेह खातात. अलीकडच्या काळात गिधाडांची संख्या कमी झाल्याने मृतदेहांच्या विघटन पूर्वीप्रमाणे वेगाने शक्य नाही. त्यामुळे सायरस मिस्त्री यांच्यावर दाहसंस्कार झाल्याची शक्यता आहे.
‘टॉवर ऑफ सायलेन्स’ नक्की काय आहे?
मुंबईत मलबार हिलच्या परिसरात ‘टॉवर ऑफ सायलेन्स’ आहे. हे ठिकाण चारही बाजूंनी झाडांनी वेढलेले आहे. ‘टॉवर ऑफ सायलेन्स’मध्ये एक लोखंडी दरवाजा आहे. याठिकाणी सूर्यप्रकाशात मृतदेह ठेवले जातात. त्यामुळे मृतदेहांचे विघटन वेगाने होते. तसेच गिधाडं आणि इतर पक्षी हे मृतदेह खातात. आजही अनेक पारशी कुटुंब या पारंपरिक पद्धतीने आपल्या आप्तजनांवर अंत्यसंस्कार करतात. पारशी मान्यतेनुसार मृतदेह जाळणे किंवा तो दफन करणे, हे निषिद्ध आहे. त्यामुळे ‘टॉवर ऑफ सायलेन्स’मध्ये गोलाकार जागेत सूर्यप्रकाश येईल, अशा ठिकाणी मृतदेह ठेवले जातात. त्यानंतर गिधाडे हे मृतदेह खातात. यापूर्वी मुंबईत गिधाडांची संख्या जास्त होती. त्यामुळे ‘टॉवर ऑफ सायलेन्स’मधील मृतदेहांचे विघटन वेगाने शक्य होते. परंतु, आता मुंबईतील गिधाडे नामशेष होण्याच्या मार्गावर आहेत. त्यामुळे ‘टॉवर ऑफ सायलेन्स’मधील मृतदेहांचे विघटन होण्यासाठी कित्येक दिवस जावे लागतात. त्यामुळे अलीकडच्या काळात पारशी समुदायाकडून मृतदेहांवर अंत्यसंस्कार करण्यासाठी सोलार कॉन्सट्रेटरचा वापर केला जातो.
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